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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Townsmen in the Making: Social Engineering and Citizenship in Dar es Salaam, c.1945-1960
Author:Burton, Andrew
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic terms:Tanzania
Great Britain
Subjects:urban population
urban society
municipal government
urban areas
urban life
History and Exploration
Urbanization and Migration
Ethnic and Race Relations
Development and Technology
Abstract:With the colonial acknowledgement of the African urban presence from the 1940s came the perceived need to stimulate a sense of responsibility and reciprocity among townsmen and (to a lesser extent) townswomen, to provide respectable outlets for the channelling of leisure time, and through these initiatives to help mould the social structures that were emerging in a society still characterized by very low levels of urbanization. In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, the British administration made attempts at the socialization and acculturation of the African population, through the activities of the Social Welfare (later Social Development) Department, notably the establishment of community centres. However, these were insufficient to prevent an urban society emerging about which official knowledge was negligible and over which colonial influence was limited. Increasing African participation in local government was also important, and to this end the system of ward councils was introduced. However, this failed to prevent the politicization of the urban populace and the rise of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU). By the late 1950s, the British regime's grip was weakening as a result of the nationalist challenge. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]