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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Marginalisation of the Waata Oromo Hunter-Gatherers of Kenya: Insider and Outsider Perspectives
Authors:Kassam, Anessa
Bashuna, Ali B.
Year:2004
Periodical:Africa: Journal of the International African Institute
Volume:74
Issue:2
Pages:194-216
Language:English
Geographic terms:Kenya
Great Britain
Subjects:Oromo
ethnicity
colonialism
hunter-gatherers
wildlife protection
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3556930
Abstract:This paper examines how the way of life of a little known group of hunter-gatherers, the Waata Oromo, was brought to an end through British colonial wildlife conservation laws and the creation of national parks in Kenya. Through this policy and that of the containment of ethnic groups to 'tribal reserves', the Waata lost their place in the regional economic system and suffered loss of cultural identity. It also meant that when Kenya gained independence, the Waata were not recognized as a distinct entity with rights to their own political representation. Instead, they became appendages of the dominant pastoral groups with which they had been associated. They were thus doubly marginalized, in both economic and political terms. The paper describes how this situation has led some Waata in northern Kenya to claim separate ethnic status. It discusses the problem from the point of view of a Waata social activist and of an anthropologist. These two perspectives raise further issues for the etic/emic debate in anthropology. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]
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