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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Inland fisheries, tenure systems and livelihood diversification in Africa: the case of the Yaéré floodplains in Lake Chad Basin
Authors:Béné, ChristopheISNI
Mindjimba, Koané
Belal, Emma
Jolley, Thomas
Neiland, Arthur
Periodical:African Studies
Geographic terms:Cameroon
Subjects:rural development
rural economy
inland fisheries
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/0002018032000148759
Abstract:In the Yaéré floodplains within the Lake Chad Basin (around the border between northern Cameroon and Chad), fishing fits within a flexible matrix of various activities which constitute the basis of multi-activity-based livelihood strategies. During the same season, the local populations are alternatively or simultaneously fishers, herders and farmers, and each part of the floodplains is potentially a fishing ground, a grazing area and a cultured field, depending on the period in the flood cycle. This intricacy of activities implies that, in these floodplain areas, rural development and poverty alleviation assessments cannot be carried out through mono-sectoral approaches focusing on separated activities, but must instead be designed and carried out through an integrated approach in which the different sectors of the local economy are viewed together as a joint production activity. This paper, which is based on data collected in 1999-2000 using survey techniques derived from Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) methods, addresses this question. The results are reinterpreted with reference to the current literature related to food security, risk strategy and rural livelihood diversification. Implications for local-level policies conclude the paper. App., bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]