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|Periodical article||Leiden University catalogue||WorldCat|
|Title:||Human Capital and Systems of Innovation in African Development|
Barclay, Lou A.
|Periodical:||African Development Review|
Development and Technology
|Abstract:||The authors propose that historically generated institutions and persistent patterns of human capital formation condition the emergent systems of innovation in Africa. These factors determine the development path of the region. The authors advance the notion of dynamic and nondynamic systems of innovation, the latter describing the African condition. They combine the strands of literature on institutions and their persistence in shaping development with evolutionary theory and systems of innovation. Evidence is presented on the colonial origins of skewed schooling enrolment, at variance with the industrialization objective of modern economies. Employing simple statistical tests, the persistence of initial human capital (school enrolment) reflects in the significant correlation among the three levels of schooling enrolments (primary, secondary, tertiary), and correlation of enrolment in 1970 with per capita income in 2000, a periodicity of some three decades. This outcome is consistent with the literature on countries at early stages of development. Path dependency is partially proven even though the authors did not attempt to investigate all variables making up the system of innovation. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]|