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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Fante Confederation and the Grebo Reunited Confederation: A Political History of West African Confederation in the Nineteenth Century
Author:Gershoni, Yekutiel
Periodical:Liberian Studies Journal
Geographic terms:Liberia
Fante polity
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Politics and Government
Abstract:In January 1868, leaders from several Fante States established the Fante Confederation, which was based on a Western-type constitution and headed by three representatives bearing the title of kings. This attempt to establish an independent modern political entity on the Gold Coast, now Ghana, has drawn the attention of 19th and 20th-century African and European scholars. Less well documented is another attempt at self-rule made by the Grebo (or Glebo) ethnic group. In 1873 they established the Grebo Reunited Kingdom or Confederation, situated c. 500 miles west of the Gold Coast in Cape Palmas, now Liberia. Similar factors, especially foreign Christian culture and religion and the activities of Western-educated Africans, were behind the creation of both confederations. In fact, the Fante confederacy inspired the formation of its Grebo contemporary. Yet, the two confederations had different long-term outcomes. The Fante Confederation became renowned as the forerunner of modern Ghanaian nationalism, while the Grebo Reunited Confederation left no significant mark on the history of Liberia. Relying on existing research and data, this paper examines the political history of the two confederations, concentrating on the role of Western-educated Africans in their formation and development, and explains why they left different historical legacies. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]