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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Transformation of Political Parties in Africa Today
Author:Suttner, Raymond
Periodical:Transformation: Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa
Geographic terms:Africa
South Africa
national liberation movements
political parties
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
Abstract:Many of the political parties that came to rule African States were originally constituted as liberation movements. This predisposed them towards a particular type of politics, self-conception and relationship with other organizations and the people or nation as a whole. The quality of being the nation that was ascribed to or claimed by the parties that led countries to independence became one of the bases on which one-party States were advanced and opposition parties systematically suppressed. The 'national liberation movement' model of organization is now in crisis. The parties of independence have proved unsustainable as governments. The end of the Cold War has created new openings for the establishment of democracy in Africa. The author outlines two potential paradigms of democracy, that of good governance, and that of combining representative and popular democracy. In this part of the article, he focuses specifically on the implications of the 'national liberation model' for South Africa, the viability and strength of opposition parties, the development and demobilization of popular movements, and the debate surrounding the consolidation of democracy. Bibliogr., ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]