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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Changing patterns of South African income distribution: towards time series estimates of distribution and poverty
Authors:Van der Berg, ServaasISNI
Louw, MeganISNI
Periodical:South African Journal of Economics
Geographic term:South Africa
income distribution
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1813-6982.2004.tb00125.x/pdf
Abstract:The authors provide estimates of income distribution in South Africa, utilizing data that allow for evaluating income distribution across time, reducing dependence on the vagaries associated with individual surveys. In particular, they attempt to arrive at racial distribution data as well as data on inequality within race groups, which they then combine to arrive at estimates of overall poverty from 1970 to 2000. The methodology utilized consists mainly of decomposing current income from the national accounts into its three major components (remuneration, transfer income and income from property); estimating the racial distribution and trends therein for these components from alternative sources of information; applying data for distributions within race groups obtained intermittently through censuses and surveys to these results; and then interpolating or forecasting for the rest of the period. The authors continually point out the deficiencies and uncertainties in their data. They conclude that rising black per capita incomes over the past three decades have narrowed the interracial income gap, although increasing inequality within the black population seems to have prevented a significant decline in aggregate inequality and poverty in the latter part of this period. They also conclude that a more complete picture of the course of interracial income distribution is possible by estimating racial shares of the three major components of current income, although the quality of the data is weaker after 1996. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]