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Title:The Effect of Early Childhood Development Programmes on Women's Labour Force Participation and Older Children's Schooling in Kenya
Authors:Lokshin, Michael M.
Glinskaya, Elena
Garcia, Marito
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Geographic term:Kenya
Subjects:women workers
child care
educational policy
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Women's Issues
Labor and Employment
Education and Oral Traditions
Women and Their Children
Family Life
Cultural Roles
Education and Training
Abstract:The authors analyse the effect of child care costs on households' behaviour in Kenya. The research is based on data from the 1994 Kenya Welfare Monitoring Survey (WMS II) and the 1995 Kenya Early Childhood Development Centres Survey (KECDCS). For households with children 3-7 years of age, the authors model the participation of the mother in paid work, the participation of other household members in paid work, household demand for schooling for school-aged children and household demand for child care. They find that high costs of child care discourage households from using formal child care and reduce the level of mothers' participation in market work. The cost of child care and a mother's wage level influence school enrolment of older children. However, these two factors affect boys' and girls' schooling in different ways. An increase in the mother's wage increases school enrolment for boys, but decreases it for girls. Higher prices for child care have no significant effect on boys' schooling but significantly decrease girls' schooling. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]