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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Suicidal behaviour among South African university students: contributing factors, resources and prevention
Authors:Peltzer, KarlISNI
Phaswana, Nancy
Periodical:Psychopathologie africaine
Geographic term:South Africa
Abstract:This article investigates both fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviour among South African university students. It is based on a study which aimed to obtain from young people their views on contributing factors and ways to address suicidal behaviour among youth. Analysis of the information gathered from eleven focus groups revealed the following: 1) Warning signs of a friend with suicidal thoughts included verbal and written statements, unusual hostility, increasing isolation, and repentance or confessions. Factors contributing to suicidal behaviour among young people were identified as (a) social and academic difficulties; (b) witchcraft beliefs; (c) low socioeconomic status (low self-esteem associated with financial problems); (d) disturbed family relationships; (e) HIV and rape; (f) death of friends or relatives; and (g) personal characteristics. Five resources and strategies for intervention and prevention of suicidal behaviour among young people were identified: (a) coping alone, (b) peer services, (c) family support, (d) information/education initiatives and support networks, and (e) professional services. The use of focus groups with young people has provided valuable insights into ways to address suicidal behaviour among youth. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]