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Title:The Fulbe 'shaykh' and the Bambara 'pagans': contemporary campaigns to spread Islam in Mali
Author:Soares, Benjamin F.ISNI
Book title:Peuls et Mandingues: dialectique des constructions identitaires
Editors:Bruijn, M.E. de
Dijk, H. van
Year:1997
Pages:267-280
Language:English
City:Leiden
Publisher:African Studies Centre
Geographic term:Mali
Subjects:Islamization
Bambara
Fulani
biographies (form)
conversion & proselytization
Abstract:This chapter looks at a high-profile Fulbe Muslim religious leader from Mali and explores his relations with the people of the Mande. This Muslim religious leader, El-Hadj Cheikh Sidy Modibo Kane Diallo of Dilly, in the circle of Nara, is perhaps one of the most influential religious leaders in present-day Mali. The author examines the development of Diallo's 'career' as a 'shaykh' and a 'wali' (friend of God). He shows how this career has been constructed in large part through ideological oppositions between Fulbe and Mande/Bambara, as well as through the 'shaykh's interactions with actual Bambara people, particularly his efforts to spread Islam among the country's non-Muslim ('pagan') rural Bambara population and to eradicate the widespread practice of spirit possession. As he suggests, it is in such conversion campaigns that one can see most clearly how individuals - both Fulbe and Bambara - deploy such ideological oppositions. Ultimately, however, the results of such campaigns to spread Islam remain rather ambiguous. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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