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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The technological response of the manufacturing sector to trade liberalization in Nigeria
Authors:Ayonrinde, Folasade
Ola, OlayinkaISNI
Year:2001
Periodical:The Nigerian Journal of Economic and Social Studies
Volume:43
Issue:1
Pages:145-178
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:industry
trade policy
technology
Abstract:One of the reasons for Nigeria's 1986 trade reforms was to enhance the competitiveness of the country's manufacturing sector. Trade liberalization was also expected to pave the way for the acquisition of new technologies. The supply response of the manufacturing sector to the adjustment and liberalization programmes has been more sluggish than expected. The new trade regime has not led to the expected diversification of the export base of the economy, away from oil to manufactured exports. One of the factors that may underlie this response is the technological capability of African firms. Using firm level data, this study investigates the technological response of 94 Nigerian firms to trade liberalization. It combines descriptive information collected from three sectors, viz. textiles, chemicals and light engineering, on four locations - Aba (Abia State), Nnewi (Anambra State), Kano and Lagos - with a multinomial logit model. Firm size and age appear to be two of the most important determinants of technology acquisition. Although the index of trade liberalization has a positive sign, it is not statistically significant. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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