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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Italy and its relations with Eritrean political parties, 1948-1950
Author:Negash, TekesteISNI
Periodical:Africa: rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione
Geographic terms:Eritrea
Subjects:foreign policy
political parties
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40761761
Abstract:This article, which is based on archival material from the former Italian Ministry of Colonies (Ministero dell'Africa Italiana, MAI), examines the relations between Italy and political parties in Eritrea in the period 1948-1950. Its aim is threefold; first, to reconstruct the strategies that the Italian Ministry of Colonies put into place in order to shape Eritrean nationalism; second, to reconstruct the building blocks of Eritrean nationalism as they were articulated during the period examined; third, to assess how the nationalist discourse of the 1940s was selectively utilized by nationalist historians in the late 1980s and 1990s. The author shows that between 1947 and 1950 Eritrea was turned into an arena where external forces - Great Britain, Italy, Ethiopia - attempted to impose their policies and ideologies. Italy's links with Eritrea were complex: Eritrea enjoyed special status as Italy's first African colony, and the Italian community in Eritrea, which dominated the modern economy, numbered more than 25,000 throughout the 1940s. Italy's support of the political organizations in Eritrea which called for its immediate independence was crucial, but in the end, Eritrea was incorporated into the federal State of Ethiopia. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French and Italian. [ASC Leiden abstract]