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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Shifting Geographies of Social Inclusion and Exclusion: Secondary Education in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Author:Lemon, Anthony
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:race relations
educational policy
secondary education
Urbanization and Migration
Education and Oral Traditions
Politics and Government
Ethnic and Race Relations
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3518633
Abstract:The urgency of South Africa's political transformation provides social scientists with an opportunity to monitor an encounter between idealism and reality in postapartheid policymaking. Nowhere is this encounter more apparent than in the education sector. This article examines the extent and nature of desegregation and redistribution on the ground in secondary schools in Pietermaritzburg, KwaZulu-Natal. It begins with a broad exploration of the policy-practice gap since 1994, and considers the effect of the macroeconomic policy environment and the decentralization of responsibility for policy implementation and delivery of school education. Two further sections provide an overview of the province of KZN and its education profile relative to other provinces, and of the city of Pietermaritzburg in particular. The remainder of the article is based primarily on interviews carried out in 18 schools. The article demonstrates that considerable desegregation has occurred, especially in the State sector, but only at the upper end of the traditional racial hierarchy. Provincial resources allow minimal capital spending and limited nonsalary expenditure, while differential fees in State schools preserve apartheid inequalities of provision. Measures are proposed to encourage limited progress towards greater equity within current macroeconomic conditions. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]