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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Before 'Baga': Settlement Chronologies of the Coastal Rio Nunez Region, Earliest Times to C.1000 CE
Author:Fields, Edda L.
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic term:Guinea
Subjects:Baga languages
African languages
language history
settlement patterns
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4129008
Abstract:No archaeological and paleoenvironmental studies exist for the pre-15th-century history of coastal Guinea. Therefore, the author uses historical linguistics to reconstruct settlement chronologies for the earliest inhabitants of the Rio Nunez region. The key actors are the speech communities whose languages were linguistic ancestors to daughter languages spoken today, namely the Nalu, Mbulungish, Mboteni and Sitem languages. After explaining the historical linguistic methodology she used, the author presents settlement chronologies of the Rio Nunez region, and concludes that, millennia before the arrival of the Portuguese, coastal societies developed and interacted with one another as well as with their neighbours in the interior. For the earliest periods of the region's history, the settlement chronologies reveal that languages spoken today in the region are descendants of both autochthonous coastal languages and languages from the interior. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]