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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'This Horrid Hole': Royal Authority, Commerce and Credit at Bonny, 1690-1840
Authors:Lovejoy, Paul E.ISNI
Richardson, David
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:slave trade
Ubani polity
History and Exploration
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4100751
Abstract:This article suggests that differences in local political structures and credit protection regimes largely account for Bonny's displacement of Old Calabar as the principal slave port of the Bight of Biafra (Nigeria) in the eighteenth century, despite Bonny's reputation for being particularly unhealthy for Europeans. The authors argue that this displacement occurred in the 1730s, several decades earlier than previously thought. They suggest that this was made possible by the early growth and consolidation of royal authority at Bonny. The use of State authority to enforce credit arrangements in Bonny proved more effective than the mechanisms adopted at its closest rival, Old Calabar, where, in the absence of a centralized political authority similar to the monarchy at Bonny, credit protection before 1807 was based on pawnship. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]