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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Conflict and subversion in the central Congo between 1920 and 1940
Author:Nolet, VeerleISNI
Year:2003
Periodical:Annales aequatoria
Volume:24
Pages:77-96
Language:English
Geographic terms:Congo (Democratic Republic of)
Belgium
Subjects:political conflicts
rebellions
colonialism
Abstract:The interwar colonial period in the Congo (present-day Democratic Republic of Congo) is often considered as peaceful and as an example of stability under Belgian rule. Revolts and contestations arose before and after, but not during the twenty years between 1920 and 1940. This article counters this idea by providing proof of the contrary. The evidence that is presented here focuses on social and political conflicts that occurred in three districts located in the central Congo, namely the Equateur/Tshuapa district, the Lac Léopold II district and the Sankuru district. The majority of the information is based on colonial archival data. The author concludes that there is a strong interconnection between several events that took place in the three districts. Most of the violent meetings occurred in the first years of the twenties and between 1928 and 1932, which was the time of two severe economic crises. The consequences of these crises formed a favourable context for general dissatisfaction and revolts. In most of the cases presented there appears an interaction between political agitation and religious support. Bibliogr., note, ref., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract, edited]
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