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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue
Title:Abunä Sälama: Metropolitan of Ethiopia, 1841-1867. A New Ge'ez Biography
Authors:Crummey, DonaldISNI
Haile, GetatchewISNI
Periodical:Journal of Ethiopian Studies (ISSN 0304-2243)
Notes:biblio. refs., ills., maps
Geographic terms:Ethiopia
Northeast Africa
Subjects:Ethiopian Church
Church and State
biographies (form)
Biography, Obituaries
Religious leaders
Abunä Sälama
Ethiopian Orthodox Church
About person:'Abunä' Sälama (1841-1867 (working years))ISNI
Abstract:'Abunä' Sälama was the Metropolitan of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church from 1841 until his death in 1867. He is a significant figure for an understanding of the origins of 20th-century Ethiopia and of the modern history of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. His career spanned the final decades of the Zämänä Mäsafent (1769-1855), a period of radical devaluation of Ethiopia's monarchical institutions, and the first years of the reconstruction of those institutions, years in which the foundations of Ethiopian modernity were laid. During most of his episcopacy, Sälama was at odds with Ethiopia's political rulers - the leading princes of the late Zämänä Mäsafent and, then, Tewodros (1855-1868). However, a brief period of rapprochement between bishop and emperor, and a following period, until c. 1864, of formal propriety in their relations, foreshadowed a later revival of the relations between Church and State which were to prove productive in creating the modern State. In the present paper a manuscript is published which allows the perspective of Sälama himself to emerge. It is written in Ge'ez, and the only text known, from before the 20th century, which focuses exclusively on one of the bishops of the Ethiopian Church. Following a summary account of Sälama's career, the paper presents the original Ge'ez text and an annotated translation in English. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]