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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:How Political Parties Finance Electoral Campaigning in Southern Africa
Author:Lodge, Tom
Year:2001
Periodical:Journal of African Elections
Volume:1
Issue:1
Pages:53-60
Language:English
Geographic term:Southern Africa
Subjects:elections
political parties
financing
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
Abstract:In southern Africa political parties fund their electioneering from five main sources. These are, in order of importance, their own governments, foreign donors, business, the political party's own business operations, and finally, and probably the least important proportionately, their membership and mass support. No SADC country compels political parties to conform to rigorous disclosure laws and any limits on campaigning expenditure are exceptional. Assessing how parties spend their money has to involve informed speculation rather than precise accounting. Whether disparities in levels of expenditure are reflected in electoral outcomes is a contested issue. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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