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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Theory and Practice of Governance of Water Resources in Zimbabwe
Authors:Manzungu, EmmanuelISNI
Kujinga, Kraposy
Year:2002
Periodical:Zambezia (ISSN 0379-0622)
Volume:29
Issue:2
Pages:191-212
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Subjects:water management
water
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Politics and Government
Environment, Ecology
water supply
governance
Link:http://digital.lib.msu.edu/projects/africanjournals/html/itemdetail.cfm?recordID=1159
Abstract:Since independence in 1980, agricultural land reform in Zimbabwe has been receiving and continues to receive extensive discussion, although the question of how the distributed land will be governed has not been spelt out adequately. This paper examines the issue of governance of water resources in Zimbabwe since water and land are complementary in agricultural production. The question being addressed is whether the theory of governance of water resources, as laid out in the 1998 Water Act and the 1998 Zimbabwe National Water Authority Act, is leading to an improvement of the management of water resources in the country. The analysis is based on a record of minutes of the Save Catchment Council as well as the Odzi and Upper Save Subcatchment Council meetings, held between July 1999 and November 2001. These Councils represent the new institutions created to ensure local participation in the management of water resources. The analysis focuses on the functions and responsibilities assigned to the institutions, the power and authority that they are allowed to wield and their capacity in relation to information, knowledge, and skill base. The paper shows that the issue of governance of water resources in Zimbabwe is imbued with a lot of theory, which is difficult to follow in practice. For example, it has not guaranteed the empowerment of all stakeholders. There is a need to revisit some of the regulations to make them facilitate good governance of water resources through strong local participation. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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