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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Perspectives on pastoralism in Eritrea
Author:Tewolde, WoldetensaeISNI
Periodical:Journal of Eritrean Studies (Asmara)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Eritrea
Northeast Africa
Subjects:Beni Amer
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Agronomy, Forestry
Pastoral systems
Abstract:Pastoral groups in Eritrea constitute people with distinct cultural and economic characteristics, inhabiting places with seasonal variations in the amount of rainfall. Their livelihoods are almost wholly dependent on livestock, forming types of modes of production identified as pure-pastoralism and agro-pastoralism. The pure-pastoralists follow a nomadic lifestyle, relying heavily on livestock and their products, while the agro-pastoralists have a diversified economy involving crop cultivation and animal rearing. The areas inhabited by these groups are generally inaccessible because of poor communication and transport facilities. Development activities in pastoral regions have also been greatly constrained by the prolonged political struggle for independence. This article presents an overview of pastoralism in Eritrea on the basis of a sample survey conducted among the Tigre and Hidareb pastoral groups in 2000/2001. It aims at providing an insight into the changing nature of livestock possessions and the traditionally established coping mechanisms used during drought periods. The article also shows how economic disparities between pastoral households have resulted mainly from variations in their livestock possessions. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]