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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Child Mortality and Socioeconomic Status in Sub-Saharan Africa
Authors:Amouzou, Agbessi
Hill, Kenneth
Periodical:African Population Studies
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:child mortality
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Health and Nutrition
Miscellaneous (i.e. Demography, Refugees, Sports)
Urbanization and Migration
Economics and Trade
Education and Oral Traditions
Abstract:This paper examines under-five mortality trends in sub-Saharan Africa, and the association between socioeconomic status - indicated by per capita income, illiteracy, urbanization - and under-five mortality between 1960 and 2000. It shows substantial decline in under-five mortality in all sub-Saharan Africa regions between 1970 and 1990. Regional differentials among West, Central and East Africa that existed in the 1960s had largely disappeared by 1990. However, the decline in under-five mortality appears to have stalled in the 1990s and some countries have experienced increases. The analyses show a consistent negative relationship between under-five mortality and per capita income, but a given income implies lower under-five mortality as one moves towards the present. There is also a significant positive association between illiteracy and under-five mortality, and a negative association between urbanization and under-five mortality. However, the effects of urbanization and illiteracy have diminished in the past decade, while the effect of per capita income has increased. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]