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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'We are Consoled': Reconstructing Cremin
Author:Walker, Cheryl
Periodical:South African Historical Journal
Geographic terms:South Africa
Subjects:land reform
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Abstract:The Cremin community was founded by members of the 'amakholwa', the new social class of Christianized landowners that emerged in Natal during the latter half of the 19th century. The claim by this community to the farm from which they had been removed in 1977 as an apartheid-designated 'black spot' was the first land claim to be settled (in 1997) under the Restitution of Land Rights Act in KwaZulu Natal and the second in South Africa. In reviewing Cremin's history, this paper shows that the achievements of post-settlement Cremin relate less to the contribution of the State to the process than to the nature of the community itself, which was characterized by both social cohesion, including effective leadership and strong social networks, and some degree of material resources. Part 1 looks at the history of the Cremin community before 1994, including its establishment, dispossession and subsequent mobilization in the 'Back to the land' campaign of the early 1990s. Part 2 examines the passage of the Cremin land claim through the restitution process that was legislated in 1994, and current conditions on the restored land. Part 3 points to a number of tentative conclusions. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]