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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Culture and Policy in Nigeria's South-Eastern International Borderland
Author:Otoide, Leo E.
Year:2005
Periodical:Lagos Historical Review
Volume:5
Pages:75-98
Language:English
Geographic terms:Nigeria
Cameroon
Subjects:values
international politics
boundaries
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
colonialism
Politics and Government
Ethnic and Race Relations
Abstract:The question of inherited colonial international boundaries has been dominant in inter-State conflicts in Africa since 1960. Focusing on the southern area of the eastern international border of Nigeria which adjoins Cameroon, this paper explores the possibility of deriving an equitable boundary policy from the cultural values and usages of borderland communities. First, it establishes the parameters for evaluating a cultural homogeneous entity. This is followed by an examination of the ethnic configuration, the traditional usages and values of the region under consideration and an explanation of how the region fits into the parameters for designating it as a cultural continuum. Next, the paper shows how the cultural continuum was dismembered and discusses the consequences of this dismemberment and the reactions of the local borderland population and the central governments, all pursuing their conflicting interests, with overall effect on peace in the borderland. Finally, the paper considers possibilities of harnessing the cultural values in the borderland for policy formulation and offers prescriptions that may be relevant for feuding States on the whole continent. Notes, ref., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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