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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:On poor whites in post-apartheid cities: the case of Bloemfontein
Authors:Schuermans, Nick
Visser, GustavISNI
Periodical:Urban Forum
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:urban poverty
External link:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12132-005-0007-y
Abstract:A small but increasing number of whites are becoming poor, marginalized and excluded from South Africa's broader postapartheid society. In five sections, this paper presents the results of interviews held with seven representatives of four welfare organizations in Bloemfontein and 24 interviews with poor whites. First, it provides a summary of the history of white poverty, along with a consideration of the contemporary prevalence of poverty among the different South African population groups. The second section draws attention to the difference between absolute and relative poverty, while the third section focuses on the difference between poverty and vulnerability, and the factors that increase the vulnerability of whites. The fourth section elaborates on the multidimensionality of these factors, against a framework of five different types of capital. It is argued that the structural factors underlying contemporary white poverty originated in the last three decades, and not only in the years after 1994. The spatiality of the different types of capital is investigated in the final section. In this way, the paper demonstrates how the marginalized position of the interviewees in segregated urban space exacerbates their vulnerability. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]