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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:State culture and terrorism in Nigeria: an alternative approach to Realism
Author:Abraham, Lawrence
Year:2005
Periodical:Research Review (ISSN 0855-4412)
Volume:21
Issue:1
Pages:59-72
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Nigeria
West Africa
Subjects:political science
political systems
terrorism
international relations
history
Religious conflicts
jihad
Religion and politics
Abstract:The causes and spread of terrorism and how terrorists recruit into a violent alliance depend on a State's political culture. The case of Nigeria provides a vivid illustration of the efficacy of State culture as a problematic political culture that combines politics with social norms. Particularly in Africa, this political culture is easily manipulated by global terrorism. Nigeria can be exploited by terrorists by virtue of the enormous presence of ethnic, resource (oil) and ethics (religious) entrepreneurs. In the conduct of the global war on terror so far, Power Realism has dominated the strategy. This paper examines the underlying theoretical premise of this war on terrorism as it relates to Africa, particularly Nigeria, through the prism of State culture. State culture is a predictive tool for recruitment and understanding of terrorism, and it is difficult to understand States without the prism of State culture. The view that Realism sufficiently explains world events is misleading, because Realism sees only the symptoms and not the disease. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French. [ASC Leiden abstract]
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