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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Asiyi eCiskei' ('We are Not Going to the Ciskei'): Removals and Resistance in the 'Border' Region, 1972-1988
Author:Wotshela, Luvuyo
Periodical:South African Historical Journal
Geographic term:South Africa
anti-apartheid resistance
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Abstract:Drawing on empirical research that is based on archival material and oral testimonies, this paper examines a case in which attempts by the South African State at forcible relocation of the Mgwali mission settlement from the Stutterheim district, in the 'white corridor' or Border region (South Africa's Eastern Cape), to the Ciskei failed. Focusing on the period 1972-1988, the paper shows that African communities were not passive recipients of apartheid policy. Indeed, local forces were instrumental in the Mgwali community's successful resistance to apartheid's forced removal. The paper illustrates how the legal status of land occupiers, as well as political mobilization, had an impact on the struggle against apartheid removals. In highlighting the role of community politics in shaping the consequences of State removal policies, the paper emphasizes one main factor which contributed to different outcomes for various communities on the land. Initiatives and actions of home-grown civic structures, such as the Mgwali Residents Association (MRA), shaped the long-term pattern of their settlements, as well as homeland policy more generally. In the process, they became linked to broader liberation movements, notably the United Democratic Front (UDF), during the insurrection of the mid and late 1980s. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]