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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Zanzibar Election
Author:Rawlence, Ben
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic terms:Tanzania
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3518727
Abstract:The general elections of October 2005 will be Zanzibar's third election since the return to multiparty politics in 1995. The elections of 1995 and 2000 were disputed and deemed to be not free and fair by international observers. The 2000 elections were cancelled and the rerun was boycotted by the opposition, but the official margin between parties in 1995 was 0.4 percent. This article examines the roots of the tensions on Zanzibar and discusses the chances of free and fair elections in 2005. It also discusses the historic 2001 agreement between the CCM (Chama Cha Mapinduzi) and the CUF (Civic United Front) parties, called 'Muafaka'. This agreement was acclaimed as a pioneering example of home-grown conflict prevention. At the time of writing, the prospect of a free and fair election was unlikely, and the 'muafaka' process designed to put in place the necessary reforms had broken down. Ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]