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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Black people and race relations in the largest Anglo-Boer War concentration camp: Merebank, 1901-1902
Authors:Wessels, AndréISNI
Wohlberg, AnnetteISNI
Periodical:New contree: a journal of historical and human sciences for Southern Africa
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:concentration camps
race relations
Anglo-Boer wars
Abstract:One of the lasting historical memories and legacies of the Anglo-Boer War of 1899 to 1902 was the creation of concentration camps by the British, for both the Boers and the blacks. The Merebank Concentration Camp was created in September 1901, approximatley 13 km south of the city of Durban, South Africa. The camp was erected mainly to alleviate the pressure on the overcrowded Transvaal concentration camps and, in doing so, to save lives; and also to accommodate so-called 'undesirable' Boer persons. The camp housed between 8,000 and 9,000 people. This number included black people. Although, at the most, only 2 percent of the total population were people of colour, they experienced the same joys and sorrows as the Boer women and children they had accompanied into the camp, mainly as servants. This article reviews the role played by the black staff of the Merebank Concentration Camp, identifies as many as possible of the other black inhabitants in the camp, and analyses race relations in the camp. Notes, ref., sum. in Afrikaans. [ASC Leiden abstract]