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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Continuidade na Renovacao? Ten Years of Multiparty Politics in Mozambique: Roots, Evolution and Stabilisation of the Frelimo-Renamo Party System
Author:Carbone, Giovanni M.
Year:2005
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Volume:43
Issue:3
Period:September
Pages:417-442
Language:English
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:multiparty systems
Frelimo
Renamo
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3876062
Abstract:Postconflict elections in Mozambique, held in 1994, 1999 and 2004, established a formally competitive and pluralistic system. This paper examines the country's emerging two-party system as an essential feature affecting prospects for democratic deepening and consolidation. The condition for political parties to actually help the establishment of democratic politics is their development as durable, socially rooted, country-wide effective and legitimate organizations. The paper contends that the current party system has indeed been a major instrument for political expression and for the channelling and peaceful management of conflicts. It shows how both Frelimo and Renamo - and the competition between them - have deep-seated historical origins and well-established regional roots. Yet, a number of aspects concerning the Mozambican party system negatively affect the deepening of democratic politics: the legitimacy of the party system is weakened by postconflict polarization and uncertain mutual recognition; the ethnoregional entrenchment of the two main parties bestows a communal connotation on electoral competition; and, most importantly, the party system remains unbalanced and unevenly institutionalized, with Frelimo's disciplined and fundamentally institutionalized organization opposed by a strongly personalistic and weakly organized Renamo, which struggles to operate within State institutions and to accommodate internal differences. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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