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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Burundi: A Peaceful Transition after a Decade of War?
Author:Reyntjens, FilipISNI
Periodical:African Affairs: The Journal of the Royal African Society
Geographic term:Burundi
Subjects:political change
Development and Technology
Ethnic and Race Relations
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3518791
Abstract:After a decade-long devastating civil war in Burundi, a peaceful solution may now be in sight. On 6 August 2004, the Pretoria power-sharing agreement was signed. This contained the outline of a post-transition political dispensation, which the transitional government translated into a draft constitution. The post-transition constitution is markedly consociational, attempting as it does to combine majority rule with minority protection. Three features mark a major difference from the 1993 experience and its aftermath. First, while the electoral process in 1993 was bipolar in a dual sense, as it opposed the two main parties as well as Hutu and Tutsi, during 2004, the political landscape had become more multipolar. Second, both the political class and civil society adopted a more constructive and less radical approach. Third, the army's role changed considerably. The political calendar finally took shape in 2005, with municipal elections in June, parliamentary elections in July, and presidential elections in August. The composition of the new government confirmed the changing of the guard in the political class. However, the challenges facing the new regime are formidable and caution is still in order. Bibliogr., notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]