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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Some Implications of GM (Genetically Modified) Food Technology Policies for Sub-Saharan Africa
Authors:Anderson, Kym
Jackson, Lee A.
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Geographic term:Subsaharan Africa
Subjects:trade policy
food trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/14/3/385.full.pdf
Abstract:The first generation of genetically modified (GM) crop varieties sought to increase farmer profitability through cost reductions or higher yields. The next generation of GM food research is focusing also on breeding for attributes of interest to consumers, beginning with 'golden rice', which has been genetically engineered to contain a higher level of vitamin A and thereby boost the health of unskilled labourers in developing countries. This paper analyses empirically the potential economic effects of adopting both types of innovation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It does so using the global economy wide computable general equilibrium model known as GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project). The results suggest the welfare gains are potentially very large, especially from golden rice, and that contrary to the claims of numerous interests, those estimated benefits are diminished only slightly by the presence of the European Union's current barriers to imports of GM foods. In particular, if SSA countries impose bans on GM crop imports in an attempt to maintain access to EU markets for non-GM products, the loss to domestic consumers due to that protectionism boost to SSA farmers is far more than the small gain in terms of greater market access to the EU. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]