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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Quality or Quantity? The Supply-Side Determinants of Primary Schooling in a Poor Rural Economy
Authors:Handa, SudhanshuISNI
Simler, Kenneth R.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:primary education
educational policy
rural areas
Education and Oral Traditions
Economics and Trade
Development and Technology
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/1/59.full.pdf
Abstract:The role of school quality in determining educational outcomes has received much research attention in the United States. However, in developing countries, where a significant part of the school age population never attends school, policymakers must consider both quality and quantity when deciding how to maximize the impact of scarce investments. Acknowledging this difference in the policy environment in developing countries, this paper provides comparative estimates of the impact of quality versus quantity investments in school supply in rural Mozambique, one of the world's poorest countries. Policy simulations show that improving school quality increases mean grade attainment and efficiency by approximately 4 percent and overall enrolment rates by a similar amount. However, much greater improvements can be generated by increasing starting enrolment probabilities through the establishment of new schools in all rural villages that currently do not have schools. Furthermore, significant rates of increase in school achievement indicators can be achieved by building schools in only 56 percent of all villages currently without schools, provided these schools are placed in those villages that also do not have a school nearby. When cost information is considered, the main policy implication is that the expansion of school quantity through well-targeted placement of new schools will provide the most cost-effective increase in educational outcomes for Mozambique at this time. Bibliogr., notes, sum. [Journal abstract]