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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Imperial Rhodesians: The 1953 Rhodes Centenary Exhibition in Southern Rhodesia
Authors:Shutt, Allison K.
King, Tony
Year:2005
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Volume:31
Issue:2
Period:June
Pages:357-379
Language:English
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:colonial history
exhibitions
1953
national identity
colonialism
History and Exploration
Urbanization and Migration
Education and Oral Traditions
Ethnic and Race Relations
About person:Cecil John Rhodes (1853-1902)ISNI
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/03057070500109573
Abstract:Reviewing the Rhodes Centenary Exhibition (RCE) of 1953, this article focuses on three interrelated themes in postwar Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe). First, significant postwar immigration challenged the State to educate new white Rhodesians on the founding myths of the colony, especially that of Cecil John Rhodes. Secondly, Southern Rhodesians were anxious to emphasize their status as British subjects in contrast to Afrikaner nationalism in South Africa. And finally, a rising and vocal black middle class challenged the State to adjust its national narrative to include blacks in the social process. The RCE spoke to all of these concerns by highlighting Rhodes and the British Royal family as central to a Southern Rhodesian identity that all races could share. Importantly, the black middle class had long embraced Rhodes's notion of 'equal rights for all civilised men' as their entryway into colonial society. At the RCE itself, the 'African Village' showcased African achievement in the arts as a noble contribution to the country. Taken together, the RCE's emphasis on Rhodes and royalty, as well as the focus on African contributions to culture, marked Southern Rhodesia as distinct from apartheid South Africa. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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