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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Contesting Space, Shaping Places: Making Room for the Muridiyya in Colonial Senegal, 1912-45
Author:Babou, Cheikh Anta MbackéISNI
Year:2005
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Volume:46
Issue:3
Period:November
Pages:405-426
Language:English
Geographic term:Senegal
Subjects:Muslim brotherhoods
Islamic history
colonial period
History and Exploration
colonialism
Urbanization and Migration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Link:http://ejournals.ebsco.com/direct.asp?ArticleID=49AF90CF7769C0DD15EF
Abstract:In January 1912, the French government sent Amadu Bamba Mbakke, founder of the Muridiyya brotherhood of Senegal, to Diourbel, the headquarters of the colonial administration in the province of Bawol, where he was kept under house arrest until his death in 1927. The same year, Bamba ordered some of his disciples to settle the land between Diourbel and Tuba, the holy city of the Muridiyya. On the eve of World War II, the Murids had considerably altered the landscape of eastern Bawol, not only physically but also culturally. This article offers a cultural approach to Murid migration to eastern Bawol. It argues that Murid settlement of the area was part of an effort to transform the land then under French colonial domination into 'daar al Islam' (house of Islam) or 'daar al Murid' (house of the Murids). This endeavour to create Murid sacred space in Bawol was a conscious effort undertaken by sheikhs and disciples under the leadership of Amadu Bamba. The process of building 'daar al Murid' unfolded in three empirically overlapping but analytically distinguishable steps: first, the physical occupation of space; second, its investment with religious meanings; and third, the containment of French cultural influences. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]
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