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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ganyu Casual Labour, Famine and HIV/AIDS in Rural Malawi: Causality and Casualty
Author:Bryceson, Deborah F.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Malawi
Subjects:rural economy
agricultural workers
labour contracts
Health and Nutrition
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/3876154
Abstract:Over the past ten years, Malawian peasant farming households have endured a number of material and life-threatening setbacks. The absence of subsidised fertiliser loans to farmers continues to trouble villagers a decade after their removal. Yields of both food and cash crops have been declining. Farming households' earnings from agricultural exports and remittances have decreased. The creeping and then intensified incidence of HIV/AIDS infection has led to widespread debility and death, compounded by a serious famine in 2001-2003. During the famine and its aftermath, 'ganyu' casual labour gained in importance as a source of income, especially for women and youth from poor rural households. Field evidence suggests that the highly exploitative contractual terms that employers offered widened the gap between the haves and have-nots, and fuelled the risks of contracting HIV/AIDS. 'Ganyu', representing an established form of labour based on mutual economic benefit between exchange agents stretching back over a century, has become synonymous with degradation and despair for the working poor. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]