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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethnicity, religion and British policy on the disposal of Eritrea, 1941-1952
Author:Kibreab, GaimISNI
Periodical:Africa: rivista trimestrale di studi e documentazione
Geographic terms:Eritrea
Great Britain
Subjects:foreign policy
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40761791
Abstract:Eritrea was an Italian colony until the Allied forces defeated Italian troops at the beginning of World War II. As part of the Treaty of Peace with Italy, the final disposal of Eritrea and the other Italian colonies was to be determined jointly by the governments of the Soviet Union, the UK, the US and France within a year from the coming into force of the Peace Treaty. The Eritrean people had great hopes that the defeat of Italy would pave the way for their freedom. However, the British government recommended that the whole of Eritrea except the Western Province be ceded to Ethiopia. It was argued that Eritrea allegedly lacked the 'making of a State'. This article examines whether the British policy of dismemberment of Eritrea along the so-called 'natural cleavage' was consistent with the three rationales that underlay its policy - namely, the so-called ethnic homogenization, economic interdependence and concerns over economic non-viability. It also discusses the wider strategic issues that influenced British and later United States policies on the disposal of Eritrea. Notes, ref., sum. in French and Italian. [ASC Leiden abstract]