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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Sociopolitical Formation on the Yoruba Northern Frontier: A Report of Recent Work at Ila-Iyara, Central Nigeria
Authors:Usman, Aribidesi
Aleru, Jonathan
Alabi, Raphael
Periodical:Journal of African Archaeology
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:Ila polity
Anthropology and Archaeology
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43135363
Abstract:The 15th-17th century AD was a period of sociopolitical changes throughout Yorubaland (Nigeria). A critical review of the traditional histories and the results of recent archaeological research in Igbomina reveal that these changes were not restricted to the central Yoruba areas but also manifested in the Yoruba periphery. Ila has been described as a major regional polity in northern Yoruba, whose early development may have followed a similar trajectory as the Old Oyo State. This paper is a report of a recent archaeological survey, excavation, and finds at Ila-Iyara, the major Ila political centre occupied between the 14th and 17th centuries. Ila-Iyara exhibits evidence of large elite centres, fortifications, sacred sites, ironworking, and ceramic types similar to those found at Oyo, Ife, and Benin. The archaeological work in Ila-Iyara also provides further insight into the processes of sociopolitical development, the dynamics of changes, and the different web of interactions on the Yoruba northern frontier prior to the 18th century. Bibliogr., sum. in English and French. [Journal abstract]