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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:From 'boma' to big city: transformation in the social structure of Ngorongoro Maasai
Authors:Mabulla, Audax Z.P.ISNI
Zabor, Emily CraigISNI
Periodical:Mila: a Journal of the Institute of African Studies
Notes:biblio. refs., ills., maps
Geographic terms:Kenya
East Africa
rural-urban migration
social change
social structure
Anthropology, Folklore, Culture
Maasai (African people)
urban anthropology
Abstract:Large numbers of pastoralist Maasai are currently working in cities in order to support themselves and their families. Based on research - including interviews - carried out in the area surrounding Endulen village within Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) and in Dar es Salaam city (Tanzania), this paper addresses the factors which cause the Ngorongoro Maasai to go to urban areas and how this affects their community. It shows that the Maasai are going to cities to get jobs in response to severe poverty caused by the rapidly decreasing performance of their traditional cattle economy. Although the majority of respondents said that Maasai culture will not change, the paper argues that things are changing right now. The Maasai follow structured age sets with associated social roles. However, with 'ilmurran' or 'morani' - Maasai warriors between 18 and 30 years of age - going to cities in big numbers, this is being threatened as social and gender roles shift. Others, including women, children and elders, are now responsible for 'ilmurran/morani' tasks. Bibliogr., sum. [ASC Leiden abstract]