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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Demystifying the Niger Delta Conflict: Towards an Integrated Explanation
Authors:Idemudia, Uwafiokun
Ite, Uwem E.
Periodical:Review of African Political Economy
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:social conflicts
central-local government relations
economic inequality
social inequality
environmental degradation
petroleum industry
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
Abstract:The conflict in the Niger Delta region in Nigeria has lasted for more than a decade, with little or no attempt at an analytical explanation. As a result, the situation has made effective conflict resolution difficult, and perpetuated the confusion of fiction over fact. This paper sets out to correct the shortcomings in existing literature by proffering an integrated explanation of various factors responsible for the conflict. The paper concludes that political and economic factors are the root causes of conflict in the Niger Delta, with environmental and social factors as the proximate and trigger causes, respectively. Given the nature of the relationship among the myriad factors responsible for the conflict, what is required is a comprehensive approach to conflict resolution that pursues development in the Niger Delta on the basis and principles of social, economic and environmental sustainability. The solution to the crisis rests not only in the hands of oil multinationals, but rather in the hands of the Nigerian government at all levels - federal, State and local - and the host communities themselves. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]