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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Lagos and the Invention of Juvenile Delinquency in Nigeria, 1920-60
Author:Fourchard, LaurentISNI
Year:2006
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Volume:47
Issue:1
Period:March
Pages:115-137
Language:English
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:juvenile delinquency
urban youth
colonial policy
History and Exploration
colonialism
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Urbanization and Migration
Historical/Biographical
Law, Legal Issues, and Human Rights
urbanization
Labor and Employment
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4100568
Abstract:This paper traces the origins of offences by youths as a distinct social concern in Lagos (Nigeria) and examines the categorization of a group, the 'juvenile delinquent', by colonial administrators and welfare officers. While organized pickpocketing and prostitution by young people emerged as an issue in Nigerian newspapers in the 1920s, it was largely ignored by local administrators until the appointment, in 1941, of the first Social Welfare Officer. This led to the implementation of new administrative and judiciary machinery which combined two processes: it legislated 'juvenile delinquency' into existence as a clearly identifiable social problem; and criminalized a large portion of urban youth, especially female hawkers. The combination of these processes constitutes what can be called the invention of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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