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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Matriliny, Islam and Gender in Northern Mozambique
Author:Bonate, Liazzat J.K.ISNI
Year:2006
Periodical:Journal of Religion in Africa
Volume:36
Issue:2
Pages:139-166
Language:English
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:Islamic history
matriarchy
Islamic law
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
colonialism
History and Exploration
Women's Issues
Cultural Roles
nationalism
Historical/Biographical
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/27594374.pdf
Abstract:Using gender as the major line of difference, this paper examines the diversity within Islam in northern Mozambique, in which, despite strong historical ties to the Swahili world and waves of Islamic expansion, as well as attempts to establish and police an Islamic 'orthodoxy', matriliny continues to be one of the main cultural features. Concentrating on two coastal regions, Mozambique Island and Angoche, and on three urban zones of the modern provincial capital, Nampula City, the paper addresses the reasons for the endurance of matriliny, through historical processes that brought about different currents of Islam, and discusses the ways in which the colonial and postcolonial State, while attempting to control the often conflicting Islamic and African 'traditional' authorities, have contributed to the perpetuation of this conflict as well as to the endurance of matriliny. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]
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