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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'A Little Bit Like a Volcano': The United Progressive Party and Resistance to One-Party Rule in Zambia, 1964-1980
Author:Larmer, MilesISNI
Periodical:International Journal of African Historical Studies
Geographic term:Zambia
Subjects:United National Independence Party
opposition parties
political opposition
History and Exploration
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40033996
Abstract:Studies of political parties that came to power in newly independent African States have frequently assumed that they, to a large extent, reflected a consensual nationalist popular consciousness in the countries which they governed. In this regard, it has generally been accepted that the ruling United National Independence Party (UNIP) represented the progressive aspirations held by Zambians, at least in the years immediately after independence (1964). This article presents evidence of significant ongoing discontent within, and opposition to, the UNIP and its policies and practices. It shows that the ruling party was by no means hegemonic in Zambia's political life, before and after the declaration of the one-party State in December 1972. The United Progressive Party (UPP) presented the most effective challenge to UNIP hegemony, during its brief period of legal existence in 1971-1972; it was banned with the introduction of the one-party State, and its leaders detained. However, UPP activists continued to organize secretly throughout the 1970s within and outside the UNIP, expressing widespread opposition to it amongst significant sections of the population. Notes, ref. [ASC Leiden abstract]