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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The State, Crop Production and Differentiation in Botswana, 1947-1966
Author:Morapedi, Wazha G.ISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Botswana
Subjects:agricultural policy
arable farming
social stratification
Politics and Government
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
History and Exploration
External link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/03057070600656341
Abstract:This article analyses the colonial government's intervention in crop production in Botswana through the 'progressive farmer' scheme, from 1946 to independence in 1966. Crop production was not a highly remunerative venture in colonial Botswana because of persistent droughts, inadequate markets and lack of sufficient draught power and farming implements. Although cattle constituted the basis of wealth and, hence, their ownership led to social differentiation from precolonial times, the introduction of the 'progressive farmer' scheme accentuated the existing social stratification by favouring the well-to-do producers. While only a few farmers benefited from State assistance, this development marked a departure from the period before 1947 when the colonial State did almost nothing to bolster crop production in the country. By utilizing statistics and case histories of farmers who joined the scheme, the article argues that the support extended to a few selected farmers in only some reserves accentuated intra-peasant differentiation and differentiation between regions of the country. The article begins by briefly presenting a survey of the concept of peasant differentiation, then focuses on the nature and organization of progressive farmer schemes and their impact on peasant differentiation. It then discusses the position of farmers in the various categories of the scheme and finally presents and analyses case studies of three progressive farmers from three different reserves. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]