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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Youth Festivals and Museums: The Cultural Politics of Public Memory in Postcolonial Mali
Author:Arnoldi, Mary JoISNI
Periodical:Africa Today
Geographic term:Mali
Subjects:cultural policy
national culture
Education and Oral Traditions
History and Exploration
Politics and Government
Literature, Mass Media and the Press
External link:http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/africa_today/v052/52.4arnoldi.pdf
Abstract:Public memory practices are essentially political, and in postcolonial Mali, as elsewhere in Africa, the State's cultural agenda has involved a refocusing and revalorization of the precolonial past through both performance and material culture. In postcolonial Mali, youth arts and sports festivals and the National Museum have been important sites for constructing a national culture. Between 1960 and 1968, the Modiba Keita years, the government strongly emphasized precolonial history and traditional culture, especially of the ancient empires of Ghana, Mali and Songhai. The State appropriated traditional performing arts into youth festivals. The government led by Moussa Traoré (1968-1991) continued this policy and, in the mid-1970s, extended the nationalistic project to material culture by turning its attention to the protection of Mali's tangible cultural heritage. Since the coup d'État in 1991, official support for youth festivals and the National Museum has continued. Through the use of different media, each of these sites has marshalled a constellation of historical memories, symbolic forms, and cultural practices in the service of this nationalist project. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract,edited]