Go to AfricaBib home

Go to AfricaBib home AfricaBib Go to database home

bibliographic database
Previous page New search

The free AfricaBib App for Android is available here

Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Raw Youth, School-Leavers and the Emergence of Structural Unemployment in Late-Colonial Urban Tanganyika
Author:Burton, AndrewISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:youth unemployment
urban youth
labour history
History and Exploration
Labor and Employment
Education and Oral Traditions
Urbanization and Migration
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4501069
Abstract:This article examines the historical origins of one of urban Africa's most visible contemporary problems, using Tanzania as a case study. The middle decades of the twentieth century are identified as a time when a pivotal shift occurred as labour scarcity gave way to oversupply, resulting in the emergence of enduring 'structural' unemployment. This was influenced by a combination of phenomena arising from the deepening impact of colonialism, including demographic growth leading to an increasingly youthful population, commoditization and heightened African expectations influenced by sociocultural and ideological factors. These were compounded by a shift in late-colonial labour policy towards stabilization, which had the unintended effect of stymieing job creation. The latter part of the article describes the panicked response of the incoming African regime, faced with what they initially interpreted as a potentially insurrectionary class of urban unemployed. Closing remarks speculate on whether, in the longue durée, one may interpret unemployment in a more positive light as part of an ongoing wider historical transformation. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract]