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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Umm Marrahi. An Early Holocene Ceramic Site, North of Khartoum (Sudan)
Authors:Elamin, Yousif M.
Mohammed-Ali, Abbas S.
Periodical:Sahara: Prehistory and History of the Sahara
Geographic term:Sudan
archaeological artefacts
History and Exploration
Anthropology and Archaeology
Abstract:The authors describe and discuss the nature and significance of prehistoric cultural material obtained from test excavation at the site of Umm Marrahi, north of Khartoum, Sudan. The material includes fauna, stone artefacts and pottery. The latter is characterized by the dominant wavy-line and dotted wavy-line types defined by Arkell in the 1950s as cultural marker of what he called 'Early Khartoum Culture' or 'Khartoum Mesolithic'. The occupants of the site subsisted mainly on fishing and hunting savannah mammals. There is no evidence for domestic animals or cultivated plants. The combined evidence from archaeology and C14 dates shows that the settlement goes back to the early 9th millennium BP. Comparisons and evaluation of pottery types in this site and others in central Sudan suggest that Umm Marrahi was, perhaps, the earliest place of pottery production in the Nile Valley so far known. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in Italian, English and French. [Journal abstract]