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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Analysis of Farmers' Preferences for Development Intervention Programs: A Case Study of Subsistence Farmers From East Ethiopian Highlands
Author:Bekele, Wagayehu
Periodical:African Development Review
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Subjects:rural development
agricultural extension
subsistence farming
Labor and Employment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Abstract:The aim of this paper is to better understand farmers' perception of the relevance of different development intervention programmes. Farmers' subjective ranking of agricultural problems and their preference for development intervention are elicited using a stated preference method. The factors influencing these preferences are determined using a random utility model. The study is based on a survey conducted in 2000 in the Hunde-Lafto area of the East Ethiopian Highlands. Individual interviews were conducted with 145 randomly selected farm households using semi-structured questionnaires. The study suggests that drought, soil erosion and shortage of cultivable land are high priority agricultural production problems for farmers. Low market prices for farm products and high prices of purchased inputs also came out as major problems for the majority of farmers. Farmers' preferences for development intervention fall into four major categories: market, irrigation, resettlement, and soil and water conservation. Multinomial logit analysis of the factors influencing these preferences revealed that farmers' specific socioeconomic circumstances and subjective ranking of agricultural problems play a major role. It is also shown that preferences for some interventions are complementary and need to be addressed simultaneously. Recognition and understanding of these factors, affecting the acceptability of development policies for micro-level implementation, will have a significant contribution to improve macro-level policy formulation. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]