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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Human Resource Underutilization in an Era of Poverty Reduction: An Analysis of Unemployment and Underemployment in Ghana
Authors:Sackey, Harry A.
Osei, Barfour
Periodical:African Development Review
Geographic term:Ghana
Labor and Employment
Economics and Trade
Urbanization and Migration
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
External link:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-8268.2006.00140.x/pdf
Abstract:Unemployment is more prevalent in urban than rural Ghana, while underemployment is pervasive in rural Ghana. The paper, which uses data from the Ghana Living Standards Survey conducted by the Ghana Statistical Service in 1998-1999, analyses trends in these two forms of human resource underutilization and examines their major determinants. It is found that a positive association exists between the underemployment rate and the incidence of poverty in specific industries. The data supports the importance of demographics, education and firm sizes as major determinants of unemployment. Furthermore, these factors together with type of employment are the factors influencing underemployment. To reduce the level of unemployment and underemployment, the government should provide support for: (1) growth of private sector firms and informal sector activities; and (2) rural alternatives to agricultural activities. These implications are also relevant to other African countries trying to combat the twin problems of unemployment and underemployment. Bibliogr., sum. [Journal abstract]