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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The 'lost' South African tribe: rebirth of the Koranna in the Free State
Author:Erasmus, P.ISNI
Year:2005
Periodical:New contree: a journal of historical and human sciences for Southern Africa
Issue:50
Pages:77-91
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:Korana
history
Abstract:The Khoisan (Khoikhoin/Khoekhoen) were the original inhabitants of southern Africa. Uncertainty surrounds their origins in place and time, as well as their migration. For various reasons different tribes/clans were formed with the passing of time, one of which was the Koranna (Gorachouqua; the Koranna peoples' own spelling of their name is used in the article, as opposed to the more generally used form, Korana). As with the Khoekhoen, the origins of the Koranna are also uncertain. They were one of the tribes that lived in the vicinity of Cape Town before the arrival of the first white settlers in 1652. Colonization, war, intermarriage, evangelization, the discovery of diamonds and apartheid subsequently destroyed their cohesion and identity and by 1932 the Koranna no longer existed. Yet two factions identifying themselves as the Taaibosch Koranna approached the present author with the request to conduct research on the history and genealogy of the Taaibosch family of the Free State. He describes their involvement in events in the Free State, as well as recent developments pertaining to leadership and identity. The current government of South Africa accords the Khoisan constitutional accommodation and recognition. A revival of traditional leadership and identity is evident everywhere and the Koranna are also experiencing a revival. However, after almost a century, there are virtually no more structures, knowledge, customs, or oral histories in existence, while political opportunism, nepotism and division are seriously hampering the revival. Notes, ref., sum. [Journal abstract, edited]
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