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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Partly protected: origins and growth of colonial Zimbabwe's textile industry, 1890-1965
Authors:Mlambo, AloisISNI
Phimister, IanISNI
Year:2006
Periodical:Historia: amptelike orgaan
Volume:51
Issue:2
Pages:145-175
Language:English
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:cotton industry
industrial history
trade restrictions
textile industry
Abstract:This paper traces the origins and development of Zimbabwe's textile industry from the 1920s to 1965, highlighting the role of the British Cotton Growing Association (BCGA) and the Empire Cotton Growing Corporation (ECGC) in helping to establish and promote, first, cotton growing, and, subsequently, the textile manufacturing industry in the country. It analyses the role and impact of the Cotton Research Industry Board from its establishment in 1936 and how, through its efforts, the country's textile industry blossomed in the post-Second World War years, particularly following the signing of the 1948 Customs Agreement between Southern Rhodesia and South Africa and how, for a variety of reasons, including growing regional political uncertainty, the textile manufacturing industry went into relative decline. Throughout the period under study, the textile industry fretted about the danger posed by competition from imported used clothing. In this context, the paper also pays attention to government policy and protectionism. Notes, ref., sum. in English and Afrikaans. [Journal abstract, edited]
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